Who is at Great Risk of Lung Cancer?

karui.my.id, karui media Who is at Great Risk of Lung Cancer?

Lung cancer is a disease that causes the growth of flesh or malignant tumors in lung tissue.

According to the Ministry of Health, primary lung cancer can arise from lung tissue.

While secondary lung cancer occurs when abnormal cell tissue arises from outside the lungs and then spreads to lung tissue.

Quoted from the Cancer Center, the cause of lung cancer is mainly due to uncontrolled cell mutations in the lungs.

The growth of these abnormal cells can form malignant tumors in the lungs.

Although the exact cause of this disease is unknown, several conditions can put a person at higher risk of developing lung cancer.

Launching the official website of the American Cancer Society, the following are those who are at high risk of developing lung cancer:

1. Active smoker

Smoking habits are a major risk factor for lung cancer.

According to research, about 80 percent of deaths from lung cancer are caused by smoking.

The longer a person is accustomed to smoking and the more cigarettes smoked, the greater the risk of developing lung cancer.

2. Passive smoking

Someone who does not smoke, but often inhales cigarette smoke or is exposed to secondhand smoke (passive smoking), is also at great risk of developing lung cancer.

Based on the study, the findings of cases of death from lung cancer also involve passive smoking.

Quitting smoking not only saves yourself from lung cancer and other diseases. However, it also has a positive impact on those around you.

3. People exposed to radon

Radon is a radioactive gas that results from the breakdown of uranium in soil and rock.

This gas cannot be seen, tasted, or smelled. However, radon is a dangerous gas that can trigger lung cancer in addition to cigarettes.

Outdoors, the concentration of radon gas is very low, so it is unlikely to cause a hazard.

However, in an enclosed space such as a basement, concentrated radon can be inhaled and expose the lungs to radiation.

Exposure to this radiation can put a person at great risk of developing lung cancer.

4. People who are often exposed to asbestos

People who frequently come into contact with asbestos mineral fibers (eg in mines, textile factories, shipyards, etc.) are at greater risk of developing lung cancer.

In addition to industry, asbestos is also often used as a house building material.

The risk of developing lung cancer is greater if a person is frequently exposed to asbestos and also smokes.

5. People who are often exposed to certain chemicals

There are several chemicals that can cause cancer (carcinogens), including:

  • Radioactive like uranium

  • Beryllium, cadmium, silica, vinyl chloride, nickel compounds, chromium compounds, coal products, mustard gas, and chloromethyl ether

  • Exhaust gas from diesel engine

6. Radiation therapy users

One of the irreversible risk factors for lung cancer is the effect of using radiation therapy.

People who have had radiation therapy to the chest are at increased risk of developing lung cancer, especially if they smoke.

7. People who are often exposed to air pollution

People who live or live near highways or crowds with high levels of pollution are more at risk of developing lung cancer.

The risk of lung cancer due to this pollution is indeed smaller than smoking. However, this risk factor should not be ignored.

Experts estimate that about five percent of lung cancer deaths are due to air pollution.

8. Coming from a family with cancer

Lungs Experts say genetic factors can increase a person's chances of developing lung cancer.

People from the descendants of patients or have relatives who suffer from lung cancer need to be aware of this disease.

Especially if a sibling or parent suffered from lung cancer at a young age.

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